Features

Start Clean, Stay Clean

weeds

Planting into a weed-free field, applying residual herbicides and knocking back that first weed flush reduces competition and yield loss. • By Amanda Huber • A big part of getting the crop off to a good start is managing weeds. The key is planting into a clean field and then applying preemergence herbicides as quickly as possible behind the planter. ... Read More »

In Memoriam — Frank McGill: ‘Mr. Peanut’

sam pardue, frank mcgill

Frank McGill’s love for the University of Georgia started long before his career with them began. In the early 1930s and in the middle of the Great Depression, the university gave his brother, James Millard McGill, an opportunity for a college education, even though the family didn’t have the means to pay his tuition. Instead, the McGill’s 1927 Model T ... Read More »

Yield-Robbing Parasites

nematodes

Root-knot nematodes are still the primary microscopic pest in peanut, but both sting and lesion nematodes can be found in some areas. • By Amanda Huber • Microscopic, voracious, deceptive, invasive, damaging. There are many ways to describe nematodes. In peanut, the most common is the root-knot nematode, although both sting and lesion can be found. Because nematodes are microscopic ... Read More »

The Race Against Leaf Spot

early leaf spot

Aggressive protection is needed as defoliation happens quickly. • By Amanda Huber • Have you ever watched an advanced level track event, such as the Olympic 100-meter dash? The athletes spend a lot of time warming up on the track, stretching, fixing the blocks, getting into their starting stance, and even at times standing up and starting the set-up process ... Read More »

Branch Named To Seed Development Professorship

William “Bill” Branch, a professor in the University of Georgia Department of Crop and Soil Sciences and a peanut breeder, has been named to the Georgia Seed Development Professorship in Peanut Breeding and Genetics. Since joining the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences in 1978, Branch has worked to develop new peanut varieties to help with the battle against ... Read More »

Defining IPM

seed totes

As we move into the season, we often think in terms of preventive treatments versus reactive treatments to address agronomic issues and pests. In reality, we use both approaches. This is in part based on logistical constraints and the ability to be timely with inputs to correct a problem. We also may need to incorporate effective practices that prevent or ... Read More »

Finding Heat Stress Biomarkers

heat-tolerance study

Clemson scientists study heat stress, which directly reduces peanut yield, causes other problems indirectly. A group of researchers led by Clemson University Plant and Environmental Sciences assistant professor Sruthi Narayanan is working to develop heat-tolerant peanut varieties. Their latest work focuses on how lipids (fats) in peanut plant anthers are altered by heat stress. “Understanding these changes will aid in ... Read More »

Wait For It

seedling emergence

Warmer soil temperatures offer the best possible start for your seed investment. • By Amanda Huber • The University of Georgia recommends waiting to plant until a soil temperature at the 4-inch depth reaches 68 degrees Fahrenheit for three consecutive days with favorable conditions forecast for the next 72 hours. Most other states use a 65-degree recommendation, but agree that ... Read More »

Surprising Seed Situation

seedlings plated

Effective seed treatments are critical to a good stand. In 2020, one treatment improved germination rates. • By Amanda Huber • The questionable seed quality going into the 2020 season was well known, given the problem with aflatoxin in 2019. What was discovered as seed labs conducted germination tests prior to 2020 planting was that the seed treatment would make ... Read More »

Extended Economic Outlook

peanut grades

Will consumers stick with the budget friendly protein as much in 2021? • By Amanda Huber • Market news offers many bright points. Consumption has hit record numbers. The quality of the 2020 crop is much better than 2019, and producers have more options this year with increased prices of rotational crops. However, there are negatives in the mix. Although ... Read More »