Peanut Pointers

Mid- And Late-Season Issues

With early season issues addressed, in July and August and into early September growers focus on controlling weed escapes, in particular annual grasses but also broadleaf weeds, foliar-feeding insects such as armyworms, tobacco budworms and corn earworms, and foliar and soilborne pathogens. Controlling escaped grasses almost always pays for itself because of pod loss during digging. Many broadleaf weeds may ... Read More »

Replant As Quickly As Possible

spraying peanuts

Hopefully everyone has finished up planting or is almost done by now. I know we have had some seed quality issues with the crop in some places this season, but maybe yours is off to a good start. If not, remember, we recommend 6 seed per foot of good seed to have a final stand of 4 plants per foot. ... Read More »

To Replant Or Not

planting seed

As we move into late May in the Virginia-Carolina region, there are a number of things that need to be done. As one checks off the list, field (and the previous rotation), tillage system, variety selection, preplant burndown or preplant incorporated herbicides, preemergence herbicides, inoculant and in-furrow systemic insecticide treatments are in place. Timely application of postemergence herbicides, and an ... Read More »

Postemergence Herbicide Options

sprayer

One of the keys to success in peanut production is effective early season weed control. Peanut fields must be kept clean for the first 4 to 6 weeks to maximize yields. This is accomplished by the effective use of preplant burndown herbicides or tillage before planting, the use of Prowl, Sonalan, trifluralin preplant followed by incorporation either mechanical or irrigation, ... Read More »

Be In The Know On Weeds

FloRun 331 peanut variety

Although we are still a few months from peanut planting, it is a good time to think about principles for successful weed management. Preplant and at-plant considerations are as follows 1. Know your weeds. Successful weed management starts with knowing the types of weeds we need to control. Many weeds look similar, but may respond differently to mechanical and chemical ... Read More »

Enhance Leaf Spot Control

leaf spot

By this time of the year, many key inputs have been taken care of for peanut in the Virginia-Carolina region, such as management of thrips and weeds, applications of gypsum and use of insecticides for southern corn rootworm. While weeds and foliar-feeding insects can be an issue later in the season and folks are addressing micronutrient issues and deciding whether ... Read More »

Don’t Wait On Weeds

palmer pigweed

Depending on weather and field conditions in May, there can be a wide range of peanut sizes and ages moving into June and July. Peanuts in the V-C region most likely will be four to six weeks old in mid-June. Hopefully, herbicide programs used at planting have performed well. The same is true for thrips control. For fields where weeds ... Read More »

Soil Temperature, Planting Depth

treated peanut seed

Planting has begun in the High Plains, but some producers have held out for precipitation. Adequate soil moisture is required for uniform germination. As the seed imbibes water, cell division and elongation occurs, resulting in the embryo rupturing the seed coat, and the seedling emerges. Read More »

Planting Speed Comparison

key considerations for planting

Adequate stands can mean the difference between great yields and average yields. Last year, seed quality and weather played a role in skippy stands resulting in greater tomato spotted wilt virus and decreased yield in some fields. Based on the quality of the 2017 peanut crop, hopefully skippy stands because of poor germination and/or low vigor seed will be minimal. ... Read More »

Peanut Pointers

Soil Test A Must “How many peanuts will growers plant in 2018?” This is a question being discussed at peanut production meetings all over the state. Prior to the passing of the budget agreement allowing cotton to be eligible for the Price Loss Coverage and get cotton back into the new Farm Bill, growers were indicating they would plant similar ... Read More »