Features

Managing Moisture And Molecules

Wayne Nixon, agronomist, talks about field testing soil amendment product, Quick-Sol, in the Carolinas. An increase in peanut yield of 1,500 pounds per acre from technology that costs less than one fungicide application was more than veteran North Carolina agronomist Wayne Nixon was prepared to understand and accept. “I’ve been conducting grower tests most of my professional life, and in ... Read More »

Minimizing Peanut Disease

Many factors combine to influence the risk of losses to Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus. Some factors are more important than others, but no single factor can be used as a reliable TSWV control measure. Research data and on-farm observations indicate that when combinations of factors are considered, an individual field’s risk of losses due to TSWV can be estimated. There is no way to predict with total accuracy how much TSWV will occur in a given situation or how the disease will affect yield, but by identifying high-risk situations, growers can avoid those production practices that are conducive to major yield losses. Read More »

Variety Guide 2015

    Variety selection is one of the most important decisions in peanut production. Newer varieties have resistance to multiple diseases, including white mold, but the best variety choice remains those that will achieve a rapid, uniform stand and provide good yields and grades over a wide range of growing conditions. Careful consideration should go into this part of your ... Read More »

The New Peanut Crop Insurance Program

At the recent National Peanut Buying Points Association annual convention, Keith Schumann, AgriLogic Consulting, LLC, spoke about the new insurance program available beginning with the 2015 peanut crop. As with the previous policy, producers can elect to use their contract prices for the insurance price election in the yield protection policy. If the contract price is used, the price will ... Read More »

Factors That Affect Disease Management

In 2014, losses to Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus across the Southeast were up to three percent. Although that is still a small number, it does indicate that TSWV is on the rise and producers are urged to keep up their vigilance against this disease. Management of all diseases that affect peanuts is essential to successful production. Manage diseases and nematodes ... Read More »

Weed Management

Click on any image for a larger view. FLORIDA PUSLEY (RICHARDIA SCABRA) Florida pusley is a low-growing, annual weed species that appears almost prostrate. It can be effectively controlled only with pre-plant incorporated herbicides. Florida pusley has bright green leaves with a distinctive recessed mid-vein. The stems are very hairy and may have a purplish appearance. The flowers are white ... Read More »

Control Of Common Bermudagrass

Two herbicide options, Fusilade and Select, are compared for the management of this difficult weed. By J. Ferrell, M. Durham and H. Smith, University of Florida, IFAS Common bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon)is a mat-forming perennial weed that can be found just about anywhere in the Southeastern United States – from roadsides to production fields. This weed is very well adapted to ... Read More »

Insect Management

Click on any image for a larger view. LESSER CORNSTALK BORER Lesser cornstalk borer is an important pest in the Southeastern and Southwestern growing areas. It is usually a problem during hot, dry weather and is more often a problem on coarse, sandy soils than on heavier soils. Lesser cornstalk borer larvae will feed on underground pegs and pods in ... Read More »

Peanut Disease Identification

Click on any image for a larger view. SCLEROTINIA BLIGHT Sclerotinia blight’s initial symptom includes a rapid wilting or flagging of the tips of infected branches. Initially, lesions are small, light green and water-soaked. As the disease develops, the lesions turn light brown, elongate and appear sunken. Older lesions may be dark brown with a distinct border between diseased and ... Read More »

Don’t Dismiss TSWV

Producers are urged not to become complacent with spotted wilt. University of Georgia Extension plant pathologist, Bob Kemerait, is urging Georgia producers to plant a month later in 2015 to keep the threat of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) at bay. In the late 1990s, spotted wilt caused widespread damage, and peanut yields suffered. Kemerait worries that growers have become ... Read More »